Welcome to our new website!

Welcome to the newly redesigned website for the Music Time in Africa Archive! We are pleased to provide online access to over 600 digitized radio programs from the Leo and Mary Sarkisian Collection at the University of Michigan. This blog post is an overview of what you will find here.

In addition to this Blog, the Music Time in Africa Archive website contains three informational sections and a direct link to listen, browse, and read the radio programs.

The section “Access to Music Time in Africa,” illustrated with a lovely image of a spinning reel-to-reel tape recorder, provides information about getting to the Music Time in Africa radio programs of yesterday and today. The first link takes you to the listening platform. You can also link to the radio programs in the “Listen” link in the header of every web page. A second link takes you to the Voice of America’s ongoing digital broadcasts of Music Time in Africa. Heather Maxwell hosts the weekly hour-long program. The third link requires a University of Michigan login because some of the information there is not yet publicly available. The fourth link goes to an online finding aid for over 360 recordings that Leo Sarkisian made in Africa in the 1960s and 1970s. Eventually, we hope to make these recordings available through this website.

The section “Leo & Mary Sarkisian Collection” includes an illustrated biography of the “Music Man for Africa,” and an illustrated description of the audiovisual materials and musical instruments that are part of the Collection at the University of Michigan.  

A third section is all about the sponsors who have made it possible for us to acquire, organize, and make available the Music Time in Africa tape recordings. In particular, we wish to recognize the ongoing support of the African Studies Center at the University of Michigan and a generous grant provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

In welcoming you to the new website, we wish to acknowledge and thank Walker Boyle for his technical creativity and perseverance in building and supporting the radio program delivery platform, which is now hosted by the University of Michigan School of Information. UMSI graduate student Jordan Gorzalski designed and built this website on WordPress.

We hope you enjoy exploring the rich content at this site. Let us know what you think by contacting us through the link at the bottom of the page.

“Zamsi:” Music Time in Africa’s Theme Song

pd_africanblog_hearbeatsnovemberMusic Time in Africa has been on the air for over 50 years. From the first program, broadcast in May 1965, through the program in June 2012, the one thing that stayed the same was the theme song. In 1964, program director Leo “Music Man for Africa” Sarkisian had two recording sessions with the popular group, The Heartbeats of Sierra Leone, in the Voice of America African Program Center in Monrovia, Liberia. According to former program host Matthew Lavoie, Leo first heard The Heartbeats play a set at the Ducor International Hotel and invited them to come to the studio to record. They produced sixteen tracks over the two recording sessions.

“Zamsi,” the song from which the nine-second Music Time in Africa opening theme jingle is taken, was one of two original songs recorded by The Heartbeats in Leo’s sessions. It was written by percussionist Francis Fuster. Check out the full recording of “Zamsi” by The Heartbeats on Matthew Lavoie’s blog post. We don’t think you’ll be able to get it out of your head!

Matthew Lavoie’s blog: a wealth of knowledge of African…

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We recently had the opportunity to interview former Music Time in Africa host Matthew Lavoie via video call. Matthew began working on Music Time in Africa in 2004 as a script writer and hosted the program from 2005 until 2011. Though we joked that we wished we could have talked face to face with Matthew in Morocco, where he currently resides, we thoroughly enjoyed hearing his stories and perspectives from his time working on Music Time in Africa.

In preparation for this meeting, we perused the blog posts Matthew wrote during his tenure as host and found a treasure trove of interesting and rare African music from the Leo Sarkisian Library at the Voice of America. Each blog post is centered around a selection of music with a theme and contains information about the genre of music, the performers, and the particular recordings featured. The blog post comments are full of African music enthusiasts making requests and asking further questions about the featured pieces.

Matthew put many hours of research into each blog post, finding out as much as possible about the music and artists featured. When possible, he tracked down the artists or people who knew more about the music and interviewed them to get more information for the blogs. We learned from our interview that Matthew greatly enjoyed writing these blog posts, because they provided him with an opportunity to share African music that he did not have the time to feature on Music Time in Africa.

The current host of Music Time in Africa, Heather Maxwell, publicizes the program via Facebook. She also maintains and extends Matthew Lavoie’s Music Time in Africa blog. The blog provides a look into some of the treasures of the Leo Sarkisian Archive the Music Time in Africa program from the 1960s and 1970s. The Music Time in Africa blog can be found here, and all of Matthew Lavoie’s blog posts can be found here.

Meet the Research Assistants

Hello folks, my name is Jacob Kidd and I’ve been working on the Music Time in Africa digital archive development project since May 2016. I’d like to tell you a little about my work and the work of my fellow research assistants, Leigh Gialanella and Kaitlyn Sisk. While we are all involved in general logistics, we each have our own roles for other things. We are graduate students at the University of Michigan School of Information. 

Music Time in Africa Research Assistants: Leigh Gialanella
Photo of MTiA research assistants (fall 2016 – spring 2017), from left to right: Leigh Gialanella, Jacob Kidd, and Kaitlyn Sisk.

Leigh has been leading our quality review process for making sure the materials we’ve digitized are what we think they are, and whether the materials are of high enough quality. It’s easy for hiccups to occur when coordinating the outsourcing of digitization work. We identified 900+ audio tape reels to digitize based on various circumstantial clues, and in any experimental process like this there are always little mistakes made along the way in identifying what we have and in picking high-quality materials. Leigh’s work is integral to making sure Music Time in Africa radio programs are accurately described in our inventory. Leigh is also assembling a processing procedures manual that will help us train other School of Information students working on the project in the months ahead. 

Kaitlyn leads the way with our metadata efforts. She’s been coordinating with the rest of the team and with members of the University of Michigan Library to establish a metadata schema for our collection using Dublin Core, METS, MODS, and other metadata standards. She’s also our resident expert with ResCarta, which we are using to attach metadata records to our materials. She’s leading experiments using the ResCarta Toolkit to transcribe script images and audio files into searchable text. So far these experiments helped us decide to emphasize the text in program scripts, and set the resolution our script images need to be scanned (300 dpi/24 bit depth) to optimize OCR accuracy. 

Currently I’m helping the team with content management system administration and configuration. We’re using Kaltura’s KMC to house our retrievable digital collection materials (per the project grant), and the University of Michigan Library’s MiVideo system, which goes hand-in-hand with Kaltura KMC. I’m working with University of Michigan Library staff to get our materials uploaded to Kaltura and to determine what access services are and aren’t possible with a Kaltura/MiVideo delivery system. Additionally, I help with user experience architecture strategy efforts, making sure we are keeping in mind what our international audience members need from our web archive, and what our domestic users need. In so doing I’ve created personas, user stories, and wireframes to help us get to where we need to be.

So that’s what we’ve been doing lately, in a nutshell. Thanks for reading and I hope you’ll check back soon for more blogs and project updates!

Happy Birthday Leo Sarkisian!

Leo Sarkisian sits in his Bayberry apartment on Thursday, November 5, 2015. Wicked Local Staff Photo/David Gordon.
Leo Sarkisian sits in his Bayberry apartment on Thursday, November 5, 2015. Wicked Local Staff Photo/David Gordon.

Everyone’s favorite music man, Leo Sarkisian, is celebrating his 96th birthday today! Wishing Leo another wonderful year full of music, art, and (of course) his beloved Mary. In celebration of Leo’s birthday, here are five facts you may not know about him:

1. While employed by Voice of America, Leo created chalk sketches of public figures, musicians, and locals he met throughout his travels in Africa. Most of his sketches are currently in the collection of the Gallery Miriam in South Africa.

2. In 1986, Leo established the Armenian National Committee of America Leo Sarkisian Summer Internship (LSI) Program to give Armenian-American students leadership experience in politics and advocacy.

3. Leo speaks Arabic, Armenian, English, Farsi, French, and Turkish.

4. Leo not only recorded music but dabbled in playing musical instruments himself. Among his repertoire are the lute, bamboo flute, santur (dulcimer originating from Iran), and kanun (stringed instrument most often played in the Middle East, Central Asia, West Africa, and Eastern Europe). At one point, Leo played kanun music at the Library of Congress and Smithsonian Institution.

5. Leo is also well-known for his dancing ability.

First Status Report Available

Ethical Access to Music Time in Africa is off to a good start.  The project started on June 1, 2016.  The First Quarter Status Report, 30 Sept 2016 summarizes the work done to recruit student staff, set up the project, and undertake the detailed work required to identify and process at least 900 sound recordings from the Voice of America’s long-running radio program Music Time in Africa.

By the end of the first quarter, we have found, logged, and shipped to The Media Preserve over 750 radio programs.  The vast majority of the recordings consist of full 30 -minute programs, along with the associated reading script for the program.  The recordings typically start with a spoken welcome and theme music.  The program then features between 4 and 8 musical selections on a particular topic with the selections introduced and explained by the announcer.

The First Quarter Report concludes with a list of goals for the next quarter of the project.

Project featured by NEH

The University of Michigan’s project, “Ethical Access to Music Time in Africa,” is a featured project on “Tune In Tuesdays,” a blog series by the National Endowment for the Humanities highlighting NEH funded projects that preserve and provide access to audiovisual resources.  The blog post is a lead in to a one-day symposium on audiovisual preservation held on 30 September 2016.

Read the full blog post here.

A brief history of Music Time in Africa

Music Time in Africa was first broadcast exclusively to African nations on May 1965 by the Voice of America, a federal agency that is part of the United States Information Agency. Production for the weekly radio broadcast began in Liberia’s VoA Program Center, under the direction of musicologist Leo Sarkisian, then relocated permanently to the VoA headquarters in Washington DC in 1968, when VoA appointed Leo as Music Director of the Africa Division. He continued to travel to Africa through 1985 to make live field recordings in over 35 countries through 1985. He also promoted the program by developing marketing strategies, responding in person and in

Leo Sarkisian and Rita
Leo Sarkisian and Rita Rochelle

writing to fans, keeping in contact with musical artist and their communities, and hiring charismatic co-hosts: Bryn Poole (1965-1968), Susan Moran (1969–1978), Rita Rochelle (1978–2005), Matthew Lavoie (2005–2012), and Heather Maxwell (2012–present). Leo Sarkisian directed MTiA through his semi-retirement in 2004 and his full retirement in 2012, at the age of 91. In 2012 the Library of Congress added one of Leo Sarkisian’s Music Time in Africa radio programs to the National Registry of Recorded Sound. The July 29, 1978 program—music from Mauritania—was enshrined with twenty-four other recordings, including Chubby Checker’s “The Twist,” Simon & Garfunkel’s “Sounds of Silence,” and Pink Floyd’s “Dark Side of the Moon.”

The University of Michigan has acquired the Leo Sarkisian music library on loan from the Voice of America and is in the process of digitizing nearly 1,000 Music Time in Africa radio programs and scripts for eventual re-broadcast through the Web.

UMSI receives NEH Grant

Sarkisian Library Tapes 10

In spring 2016, the University of Michigan School of Information received a grant to fund ethical access to the radio show Music Time in Africa, which is the oldest continuously operating broadcast to the African continent. The $260,000 National Endowment for the Humanities grant will help make an archive of African music and radio programming available to US and global audiences. The grant period began on June 1, 2016 and ends May 31, 2018. Co-principal investigators include Kelly M. Askew, U-M professor of anthropology and Afroamerican and African studies, and University of Michigan Associate Professor Paul Conway. Shannon Zachary, head of preservation and conservation at MLibraries, and Robert McIntyre, digital asset management consultant at the MLibraries, will also work on the project along with teams of UMSI students.

The MediaPreserve™ to digitize Music Time in Africa

The University of Michigan has chosen the Pittsburgh-based audiovisual laboratory MediaPreserve™ to digitize audio files for the Voice of America’s Music Time in Africa radio program as part of an initiative funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. MediaPreserve™ was founded in 2006 as a specialized laboratory focused on the digital reformatting of the full range of heritage audiovisual resources.  MediaPreserve’s parent organization, Preservation Technologies, has become a trusted source of mass digitization for the University of Michigan.